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An Litir Bheag (The Little Letter) An Litir Bheag

Ruairidh MacIlleathain Sreath de litrichean a bheir taic do luchd-ionnsachaidh na Gàidhlig. Bidh iad seo cuideachail do luchd-ionnsachaidh a tha seachad air ìre-tòiseachaidh agus a tha ag iarraidh barrachd Gàidhlig a leughadh. Tha faidhle fuaim, teacsa agus eadar-theangachadh an cois gach litir. Sna tràth-litrichean, tha puingean cànain is abairtean a’ gabhail àite eadar-theangachadh slàn. A series of letters that offer support to Gaelic learners. These will be helpful to learners who are beyond a beginners’ level and want to read more. Audio, text and translation accompany each letter. In the early letters, language points and phrases are provided instead of a full translation.

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The Celts (1) (Litir Bheag 666) Na Ceiltich (1) (Litir Bheag 666)

The Celts (1) Na Ceiltich (1)

Hello again, friends. In the weeks head, I’m going to do a series of Litrichean about the Celts. Gaelic is a Celtic language. At one time, the Celts were a powerful people in Europe.

The Celts were in existence a long time ago. They were present in the Bronze Age and Iron Age. They were in the middle of Europe, where France is today and in Britain and Ireland.

We’re going to start our account in the year 390 BC. The Celtic tribes in the middle of the continent were involved in emigration. They were looking for new lands. Some of them crossed the Alps. They sacked the city of Rome.

And the Celtic tribes were also moving eastward. There were Celtic ambassadors in the court of Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia. In 279 BC, they entered Greece. They went as far as Delphi, a holy town. But the Celts didn’t remain there. The Greeks were attacking them all the time. The Celts lost their leader and they returned to the Celtic lands.

But something else happened that weakened the Celtic army in Greece. Many of them left – around twenty thousand people – for Anatolia. Anatolia is a large country the Romans called Asia Minor. Today it’s in Turkey.

Why did these Celts decide to go to Anatolia? Well, they were invited to go there. There was a Greek king in Anatolia – Nicomedes 1, King of Bithynia. He invited those Celts to cross the narrows near Byzantium (where Istanbul is today). They continued to Anatolia, where Ankara, the capital of Turkey, is today. They settled there. There were three large tribes and other small tribes. They all spoke the same language – a Celtic language. They gave their name to the area in which they settled – Galatia. I’ll tell you more about the Galatians next week.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Na Ceiltich (1) (Litir Bheag 666)

The Celts (1)

Halò, a-rithist, a chàirdean. Anns na seachdainean romhainn, tha mi a’ dol a dhèanamh sreath Litrichean air na Ceiltich. ʼS e cànan Ceilteach a tha anns a’ Ghàidhlig. Uaireigin, bha na Ceiltich nan sluagh cumhachdach anns an Roinn Eòrpa.

Bha na Ceiltich ann o chionn fhada. Bha iad ann ri Linn an Umha agus ri Linn an Iarainn. Bha iad ann am meadhan na Roinn Eòrpa, far a bheil an Fhraing an-diugh agus ann am Breatainn is Èirinn.

Tha sinn a’ dol a thòiseachadh ar cunntais anns a’ bhliadhna trì cheud is naochad (390) ro Chrìosd. Bha na treubhan Ceilteach ann am meadhan na mòr-thìr an sàs ann an eilthireachd. Bha iad a’ coimhead airson dùthchannan ùra. Chaidh feadhainn dhiubh tarsainn nam Beanntan Ailpeach. Rinn iad sgrios air baile na Ròimhe.

Agus bha treubhan Ceilteach cuideachd a’ gluasad gu sear. Bha tosgairean Ceilteach ann an cùirt Alasdair Uaibhrich, rìgh Mhasadoinia. Ann an dà cheud, seachdad ʼs a naoi (279) RC, chaidh iad a-steach don Ghrèig. Chaidh iad cho fada ri Delphi, baile naomh. Ach cha do dh’fhuirich na Ceiltich an sin. Bha na Greugaich a’ toirt ionnsaigh orra fad na h-ùine. Chaill na Ceiltich an ceannard aca agus chaidh iad air ais gu na dùthchannan Ceilteach.

Ach thachair rudeigin eile a lagaich armailt nan Ceilteach anns a’ Ghrèig. Dh’fhalbh mòran dhiubh – timcheall air fichead mìle duine – gu ruige Anatoilia. ʼS e Anatoilia dùthaich mhòr ris an canadh na Ròmanaich Asia Minor. An-diugh tha e anns an Tuirc.

Carson a chuir na Ceiltich seo romhpa a dhol gu Anatoilia? Uill, fhuair iad cuireadh a dhol ann. Bha Rìgh Greugach ann an Anatoilia – fear Nicomedes I, Rìgh Bhithynia. Thug esan cuireadh do na Ceiltich sin a dhol tarsainn a’ chaolais faisg air Byzantium (far a bheil Istanbul an-diugh). Lean iad orra gu meadhan Anatoilia, far a bheil Ankara, prìomh bhaile na Tuirc, an-diugh. Rinn iad tuineachadh an sin. Bha trì treubhan mòra ann, agus treubhan beaga a bharrachd. Bha an aon chànan aca – cànan Ceilteach. Thug iad an ainm don sgìre anns an do rinn iad tuineachadh – Galatia. Bidh tuilleadh agam air na Galatianaich an-ath-sheachdain.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PDF

Download the text of this week's letter as a PDF: Thoir a-nuas Litir mar PDF: Adobe PDF of this letter

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Litir do Luchd-ionnsachaidh

This letter corresponds to Tha an Litir seo a’ buntainn ri Litir do Luchd-ionnsachaidh 970

Podcast

BBC offers this litir as a podcast – visit the programme page for more info and to download or subscribe. Tha am BBC a’ tabhainn seo mar podcast. Tadhail air an duilleag-phrògraim airson barrachd fiosrachaidh no airson podcast fhaighinn

Other Letters Litrichean eile

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Àireamh / Number

Facal / Word