ClàrMenu
FaclairDictionary EnglishGàidhlig

429: Diorbhail, the Lady of Galloway 429: Diorbhail, Baintighearna Ghall-Ghàidhealaibh

B1 - Intermediate - The Little LetterB1 - Eadar-mheadhanach - An Litir Bheag

Diorbhail, Baintighearna Ghall-Ghàidhealaibh

Gaelic Gàidhlig

Fhuair mi post-d bho charaid ann an Sasainn. Sgrìobh e mu dheidhinn àite – Àth nan Damh. Smaoinich mi airson mionaid. Àth nan Damh? Thàinig e thugam – ‘the ford of the oxen’ no Oxford.

Tha ceist agam. Dè an ceangal a th’ ann eadar a’ Ghàidhlig, colaiste oilthigh ann an Àth nan Damh, seann abaid ann an ceann a deas na h-Alba, agus Rìgh na h-Alba? ’S e am fuasgladh – Diorbhail.

B’ e Diorbhail Baintighearna Ghall-Ghàidhealaibh anns an treas linn deug. Ann am Beurla, ’s e Devorgilla an t-ainm a bha oirre.

Bha Diorbhail na nighinn aig Ailean, Tighearna Ghall-Ghàidhealaibh. Bha mi a’ bruidhinn ri fear-eachdraidh anns an sgìre sin. Thuirt e rium gun robh Gàidhlig aig Diorbhail agus a h-athair.

Nuair a bha i trì bliadhn’ deug a dh’aois, phòs i Iain, còigeamh baran Bhalliol. Bha fearann mòr aige ann an Sasainn.

Ann an dà cheud deug, seasgad ’s a trì (1263), bha Balliol an sàs ann an connspaid mu fhearann le Easbaig Dhurham. Chaidh a’ chùis an aghaidh Bhalliol. Chaidh iarraidh air, mar pheanas, colaiste a stèidheachadh ann an Oilthigh Àth nan Damh airson daoine bochda. Còig bliadhna an dèidh sin, chaochail Balliol. Lean a bhanntrach, Diorbhail, le bhith a’ cur airgead ris a’ cholaiste. Tha Balliol College ann chun an latha an-diugh.

Ach dè mu dheidhinn na seann abaid agus an Rìgh Albannach? Uill, ann an da cheud deug, seachdad ’s a trì (1273), stèidhich Diorbhail abaid. Bha sin mar chuimhneachan air an duine aice.

Bha i air a bhith a’ giùlan a chridhe spìosraichte cuide rithe fad na h-ùine. Bha e ann an ciste bheag ìbhri. Nuair a chaochail ise ann an dà cheud deug is naochad (1290), bha a’ chiste air a tiodhlacadh ri a taobh. Mar chomharra air a’ ghaol a bha aice air an duine aice, ghabh na manaich Dulce Cor no ‘Sweetheart’ air an abaid. Sweetheart Abbey.

Às dèidh bàs Diorbhail, chaidh an gille aice, Iain, a dhèanamh na Rìgh. Bha an crùn aige airson ceithir bliadhna.

Diorbhail, the Lady of Galloway

English Beurla

I received an email from a friend in England. He wrote about a place – Àth nan Damh. I thought for a minute. Àth nan Damh? It came to me – ‘the ford of the oxen’ or Oxford.

I have a question. What is the link between Gaelic, a university college in Oxford, an old abbey in the south of Scotland, and a King of Scotland. The answer is – Diorbhail.

Diorbhail was the Lady of Galloway in the 13th century. In English, she was known as Devorgilla.

Devorgilla was a daughter of Alan, Lord of Galloway. I was speaking to a historian in that area. He said to me that Devorgilla and her father spoke Gaelic.

When she was thirteen years of age, she married John, the fifth baron of Balliol. He had large estates in England.

In 1263, Balliol was involved in a dispute about land with the Bishop of Durham. The case went against Balliol. He was required, as penance, to found a college at Oxford University for poor people. Five years after that, Balliol died. His widow, Devorgilla, continued [his work] by funding the college. Balliol College is in existence to this day.

But what about the old abbey and the Scottish King? Well, in 1273, Devorgilla established an abbey. That was in memory of her husband.

She had been carrying his embalmed heart with her all the time. It was in a small ivory kist. When she died in 1290, the kist was buried beside her. As a mark of the love she had for her husband, the monks called the abbey Dulce Cor or Sweetheart. Sweetheart Abbey.

After Devorgilla’s death, her son, John, was made King. He held the crown for four years.

Show English

Diorbhail, Baintighearna Ghall-Ghàidhealaibh

Gaelic Gàidhlig

Fhuair mi post-d bho charaid ann an Sasainn. Sgrìobh e mu dheidhinn àite – Àth nan Damh. Smaoinich mi airson mionaid. Àth nan Damh? Thàinig e thugam – ‘the ford of the oxen’ no Oxford.

Tha ceist agam. Dè an ceangal a th’ ann eadar a’ Ghàidhlig, colaiste oilthigh ann an Àth nan Damh, seann abaid ann an ceann a deas na h-Alba, agus Rìgh na h-Alba? ’S e am fuasgladh – Diorbhail.

B’ e Diorbhail Baintighearna Ghall-Ghàidhealaibh anns an treas linn deug. Ann am Beurla, ’s e Devorgilla an t-ainm a bha oirre.

Bha Diorbhail na nighinn aig Ailean, Tighearna Ghall-Ghàidhealaibh. Bha mi a’ bruidhinn ri fear-eachdraidh anns an sgìre sin. Thuirt e rium gun robh Gàidhlig aig Diorbhail agus a h-athair.

Nuair a bha i trì bliadhn’ deug a dh’aois, phòs i Iain, còigeamh baran Bhalliol. Bha fearann mòr aige ann an Sasainn.

Ann an dà cheud deug, seasgad ’s a trì (1263), bha Balliol an sàs ann an connspaid mu fhearann le Easbaig Dhurham. Chaidh a’ chùis an aghaidh Bhalliol. Chaidh iarraidh air, mar pheanas, colaiste a stèidheachadh ann an Oilthigh Àth nan Damh airson daoine bochda. Còig bliadhna an dèidh sin, chaochail Balliol. Lean a bhanntrach, Diorbhail, le bhith a’ cur airgead ris a’ cholaiste. Tha Balliol College ann chun an latha an-diugh.

Ach dè mu dheidhinn na seann abaid agus an Rìgh Albannach? Uill, ann an da cheud deug, seachdad ’s a trì (1273), stèidhich Diorbhail abaid. Bha sin mar chuimhneachan air an duine aice.

Bha i air a bhith a’ giùlan a chridhe spìosraichte cuide rithe fad na h-ùine. Bha e ann an ciste bheag ìbhri. Nuair a chaochail ise ann an dà cheud deug is naochad (1290), bha a’ chiste air a tiodhlacadh ri a taobh. Mar chomharra air a’ ghaol a bha aice air an duine aice, ghabh na manaich Dulce Cor no ‘Sweetheart’ air an abaid. Sweetheart Abbey.

Às dèidh bàs Diorbhail, chaidh an gille aice, Iain, a dhèanamh na Rìgh. Bha an crùn aige airson ceithir bliadhna.

PDF

Download the text of this week's letter as a PDF:Thoir a-nuas Litir mar PDF:

Download File

PDF documents are especially suited for printing out. Most computers can open PDF files, but if you have problems viewing them you may need to install reader software such as Tha faidhleachan PDF gu sònraichte math airson clò-bhualadh. Tha e furasta gu leòr do chuid de choimpiutairean faidhleachan PDF fhosgladh, ach ma tha trioblaid agad ‘s dòcha gum biodh e feumail bathar-bog mar Adobe Acrobat Reader. fhaighinn.

Litir do Luchd-ionnsachaidh

This letter corresponds to Tha an Litir seo a’ buntainn ri Litir do Luchd-ionnsachaidh 733

Podcast

BBC offers this litir as a podcast: Visit the programme page for more info and to download or subscribe. Tha am BBC a’ tabhainn seo mar podcast. Tadhail air an duilleag-phrògraim airson barrachd fiosrachaidh no airson podcast fhaighinn

Other letters Litrichean eile