ClàrMenu
FaclairDictionary EnglishGàidhlig

610: Mythical Sea Creatures  610: Creutairean Macmeanmnach a’ Chuain

B1 - Intermediate - The Little LetterB1 - Eadar-mheadhanach - An Litir Bheag

Creutairean Macmeanmnach a’ Chuain

Gaelic Gàidhlig

As t-fhoghar an-uiridh bha mi ann am Muile. Bha mi a’ bruidhinn ri sean is òg mu dhualchas na Gàidhlig co-cheangailte ri mamailean mara. Thug mi an rann traidiseanta seo dhaibh:

Seachd sgadain sàth bradain,

Seachd bradain sàth ròin,

Seachd ròin sàth muice-mara,

Seachd mucan-mara sàth Cìrein Cròin.

A bheil sibh a’ tuigsinn ‘sàth’? Tha e a’ ciallachadh na dh’fheumas rudeigin ithe airson a bhith làn no sàsaichte. Bidh bradan ag ithe seachd sgadain mus bi e sàsaichte. Seo agaibh an rann a-rithist:

Seachd sgadain sàth bradain,

Seachd bradain sàth ròin,

Seachd ròin sàth muice-mara,

Seachd mucan-mara sàth Cìrein Cròin.

Dè fon ghrèin a tha ann, no a bha ann, an Cìrean Cròin? Chan eil fios aig duine dè an coltas a bha air. Rinn clann na bun-sgoile, far an robh mi ag obair, dealbhan iongantach dheth. Bha cuid dhiubh coltach ri crùbagan mòra. Bha cuid coltach ri ochd-chasaich mhòra. Agus bha feadhainn coltach ri muc-mhara le fiaclan eagallach na ceann!

Chaidh dreach eile dhen rann a chlàradh. Agus chan e Cìrean Cròin a tha air a’ bheathach, ach Cionaran-crò. An turas seo, ge-tà, tha creutair eadhon nas motha ann na ʼn Cionaran-crò:

Seachd sgadain sàth bradain,

Seachd bradain sàth ròin,

Seachd ròin sàth muc-mhara bheag,

Seachd mucan-mara beaga, sàth muc-mhara mhòr,

Seachd mucan-mara mòra, sàth cionarain-crò,

Seachd cionarain-crò, sàth mial mhòr a’ chuain.

Dè fon ghrèin a tha ann am mial mhòr a’ chuain? Uill, chaidh eadar-theangachadh a dhèanamh air mar Great Leviathan of the Sea. Agus tha am facal mial aithnichte anns an t-seann Ghàidhlig, a’ ciallachadh ‘creutair mòr’ agus ‘muc-mhara’. ʼS e míol mór a chanas daoine ri ‘muc-mhara’ ann an Gàidhlig na h-Èireann.

Agus a bheil càil againn ann am beul-aithris mun Chionaran-crò? Uill, tha ann an Carmina Gadelica à Nis ann an ceann a tuath Leòdhais.

Fhuair Alasdair MacIlleMhìcheil an stòiridh bho fhear, Aonghas Gunnach. Bha Aonghas ochdad ʼs a ceithir bliadhn’ a dh’aois. Bha e a’ fuireach fad ùine mhòr ann an Eilean Rònaigh – eilean beag anns a’ chuan, tuath air Leòdhas. Nì mi cunntas air aithris Aonghais mun Chionaran-crò anns an ath Litir.

Mythical Sea Creatures 

English Beurla

In the autumn of last year I was in Mull. I was speaking to young and old about the Gaelic heritage associated with marine mammals. I gave them this traditional rhyme:

Seven herrings will fill a salmon,

Seven salmon will fill a seal,

Seven seals will fill a whale,

Seven whales will fill a Cìrean Cròin.

Do you understand ‘sàth’? It means what something or somebody has to eat in order to be full or replete. A salmon will eat seven herrings before it is satisfied.

Seven herrings will fill a salmon,

Seven salmon will fill a seal,

Seven seals will fill a whale,

Seven whales will fill a Cìrean Cròin.

What on earth (under the sun) is, or was, a Cìrean Cròin? Nobody knows what it looked like. The primary school children, where I was working, made amazing drawings of it. Some of them were like large crabs. Some were like big octopuses. And some were like whales with scary teeth in their head!

Another form of the rhyme was recorded. And it isn’t Cìrean Cròin that the animal was called, but Cionaran-crò. This time, however, there is another creature even bigger than the Cionaran-crò:

Seven herrings will fill a salmon,

Seven salmon will fill a seal,

Seven seals will fill a small whale,

Seven small whales will fill a large whale,

Seven large whales will fill a cionaran-crò,

Seven cionaran-crò will fill a great sea leviathan.

What on earth is mial mhòr a’ chuain ? Well, it has been translated as Great Leviathan of the Sea. And the word mial is known in old Gaelic, meaning ‘great creature’ and ‘whale’. In Irish Gaelic a whale is called a míol mór.

And do we have anything in oral tradition about the Cionaran-crò ? Well, yes, in Carmina Gadelica, from Ness in the north of Lewis.

Alexander Carmichael got the story from a certain Angus Gunn. Angus was 84 years old. He was living for a long time on the island of Rona – a small island in the ocean north of Lewis. I’ll give an account of Angus’s story about the Cionaran-cò in the next Litir.

Show English

Creutairean Macmeanmnach a’ Chuain

Gaelic Gàidhlig

As t-fhoghar an-uiridh bha mi ann am Muile. Bha mi a’ bruidhinn ri sean is òg mu dhualchas na Gàidhlig co-cheangailte ri mamailean mara. Thug mi an rann traidiseanta seo dhaibh:

Seachd sgadain sàth bradain,

Seachd bradain sàth ròin,

Seachd ròin sàth muice-mara,

Seachd mucan-mara sàth Cìrein Cròin.

A bheil sibh a’ tuigsinn ‘sàth’? Tha e a’ ciallachadh na dh’fheumas rudeigin ithe airson a bhith làn no sàsaichte. Bidh bradan ag ithe seachd sgadain mus bi e sàsaichte. Seo agaibh an rann a-rithist:

Seachd sgadain sàth bradain,

Seachd bradain sàth ròin,

Seachd ròin sàth muice-mara,

Seachd mucan-mara sàth Cìrein Cròin.

Dè fon ghrèin a tha ann, no a bha ann, an Cìrean Cròin? Chan eil fios aig duine dè an coltas a bha air. Rinn clann na bun-sgoile, far an robh mi ag obair, dealbhan iongantach dheth. Bha cuid dhiubh coltach ri crùbagan mòra. Bha cuid coltach ri ochd-chasaich mhòra. Agus bha feadhainn coltach ri muc-mhara le fiaclan eagallach na ceann!

Chaidh dreach eile dhen rann a chlàradh. Agus chan e Cìrean Cròin a tha air a’ bheathach, ach Cionaran-crò. An turas seo, ge-tà, tha creutair eadhon nas motha ann na ʼn Cionaran-crò:

Seachd sgadain sàth bradain,

Seachd bradain sàth ròin,

Seachd ròin sàth muc-mhara bheag,

Seachd mucan-mara beaga, sàth muc-mhara mhòr,

Seachd mucan-mara mòra, sàth cionarain-crò,

Seachd cionarain-crò, sàth mial mhòr a’ chuain.

Dè fon ghrèin a tha ann am mial mhòr a’ chuain? Uill, chaidh eadar-theangachadh a dhèanamh air mar Great Leviathan of the Sea. Agus tha am facal mial aithnichte anns an t-seann Ghàidhlig, a’ ciallachadh ‘creutair mòr’ agus ‘muc-mhara’. ʼS e míol mór a chanas daoine ri ‘muc-mhara’ ann an Gàidhlig na h-Èireann.

Agus a bheil càil againn ann am beul-aithris mun Chionaran-crò? Uill, tha ann an Carmina Gadelica à Nis ann an ceann a tuath Leòdhais.

Fhuair Alasdair MacIlleMhìcheil an stòiridh bho fhear, Aonghas Gunnach. Bha Aonghas ochdad ʼs a ceithir bliadhn’ a dh’aois. Bha e a’ fuireach fad ùine mhòr ann an Eilean Rònaigh – eilean beag anns a’ chuan, tuath air Leòdhas. Nì mi cunntas air aithris Aonghais mun Chionaran-crò anns an ath Litir.

PDF

Download the text of this week's letter as a PDF:Thoir a-nuas Litir mar PDF:

Download File

PDF documents are especially suited for printing out. Most computers can open PDF files, but if you have problems viewing them you may need to install reader software such as Tha faidhleachan PDF gu sònraichte math airson clò-bhualadh. Tha e furasta gu leòr do chuid de choimpiutairean faidhleachan PDF fhosgladh, ach ma tha trioblaid agad ‘s dòcha gum biodh e feumail bathar-bog mar Adobe Acrobat Reader. fhaighinn.

Litir do Luchd-ionnsachaidh

This letter corresponds to Tha an Litir seo a’ buntainn ri Litir do Luchd-ionnsachaidh 914

Podcast

BBC offers this litir as a podcast: Visit the programme page for more info and to download or subscribe. Tha am BBC a’ tabhainn seo mar podcast. Tadhail air an duilleag-phrògraim airson barrachd fiosrachaidh no airson podcast fhaighinn

Other letters Litrichean eile