Bidh / Bi / Bith Bidh / Bi / Bith
The verb “to be” can often be a bit confusing, as it is one of the ten Irregular Verbs in Gaelic. Many forms of bi sound very similar but can have rather different meanings. Let’s look at a few examples of the verb bi now.
Both the future tense and the habitual form use the same word, so to say that you regularly do something, use bidh.
- I run
When used as a question, such as if you wanted to ask someone if they run, bidh becomes bi, as it follows am.
- Do you run?
You also use bi after gum, mura, or nach:
- Why don't you run?
When using the negative form of the verb, use bhi following cha.
- She will not come with us
Biodh - Conditional
To say something 'would' be the case, use the form bhiodh.
- It would be good for you
When using nam, gum, mura, or nach, this form drops the h to become biodh.
- Would you be willing to come with me?
Only use the form bith with sam:
- You have no excuse
Use bhith when using gu or a:
- It is not good for you to go too fast
And finally, use bi when giving an instruction:
- Be careful before you fall!